America’s grasslands: the future of grasslands in a changing landscape

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dc.contributor.editor Glaser, Aviva 2014-05-12T15:22:19Z 2014-05-12T15:22:19Z 2014-05-12
dc.description.abstract At the second America’s Grasslands Conference, we grappled with this issue of loss of grasslands (especially since USDA does not measure the lost of grasslands in a formal fashion). We also explored and discussed other critical issues including how to raise the profile of grasslands, what federal policy opportunities exist to conserve grasslands, and importantly, how conservationists and private landowners (mostly ranchers) can better work together to conserve grasslands. The focus on working with ranchers was an important one. There was a high level of energy and enthusiasm around this issue, and participants (especially researchers) were particularly excited by the opportunity to have conversations with ranchers and other private landowners about ways to work together to conserve grasslands. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher National Wildlife Federation and Kansas State University en_US
dc.subject Grasslands en_US
dc.subject Conservation en_US
dc.subject Ranchers en_US
dc.subject Federal policy en_US
dc.subject Ecosystems en_US
dc.title America’s grasslands: the future of grasslands in a changing landscape en_US
dc.type Conference paper en_US 2014 en_US
dc.citation.ctitle Proceedings of the 2nd Biennial Conference on the Conservation of America’s Grasslands en_US
dc.description.conference 2nd Biennial Conference on the Conservation of America’s Grasslands, August 12-14, 2013, Manhattan, Kansas en_US
dc.description.tableOfContents Introduction to the Proceedings, pg. 1 Organizing Committee, pg. 2 Sponsors, pg. 2 Keynote and Plenary Speakers, pg. 2 1. Landscape Planning and Management for Grassland Conservation, pg. 3 Preserving Our Prairies – Where Great Migrations Begin, pg. 3 Randy W. Renner, Ducks Unlimited, Inc. The Implementation and Development of the Minnesota Prairie Plan, pg. 4 Greg Hoch and Marybeth Block, MN Dept of Natural Resources Using Focal Songbird Species to Target Landscape Conservation in the Northern Great Plains, pg. 5 Marisa Lipsey, The University of Montana An Integrated Acquisition Strategy for Grassland Easements in the Prairie Pothole Region, USA, pg. 7 Johann Walker, Ducks Unlimited Using Applied Topology to Identify Wildlife Corridors in the Northern Great Plains Ecoregion, pg. 8 Sarah K. Olimb, World Wildlife Fund Collaborative Landscape Conservation in the Southwest Wisconsin Grassland and Stream Conservation Area, pg. 9 Maureen A. Rowe, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources LCC Prairie Breakout Session: Help Us Set the 21 Century Science Agenda for Six Landscape Conservation Cooperatives! pg. 10 Gwen White, Eastern Tallgrass Prairie & Big Rivers LCC, US Fish & Wildlife Service 2. Innovative Ways to Create Economic and Working Land Opportunities for Grasslands and Livestock Producers, pg. 13 Restoring Prairie for Agricultural Production and Profit, pg. 13 Cody J. Zilverberg, South Dakota State University America’s Grasslands: Understanding Market Drivers to Increase Market Opportunity, pg. 14 Anna Bassett, Animal Welfare Approved Brokering Relationships Between Non-Farming Landowners and Livestock Producers to Increase Grasslands in the Upper Midwest, pg. 16 Laura Paine, WI Department of Agriculture, Trade, and Consumer Protection Canadian Prairie Rangeland – An Environmental Marketing Opportunity? pg. 16 Dean Smith, Association of Fish & Wildlife Agencies Audubon’s Prairie Bird Initiative, pg. 19 Max Alleger, Missouri Department of Conservation Managing Grassland for Carbon and Cattle, pg. 19 Ashley Rood, Environmental Defense Fund and Randal Dell, Ducks Unlimited Contract Grazing in the Upper Mississippi River Basin, pg. 21 Laura Paine, Wisconsin Dept. of Agriculture, Trade, and Consumer Protection 3. Monitoring and Predicting Grassland Conversion and Implications, pg. 22 To Plow or Not to Plow: Investigating Grassland to Cropland Conversion in the Northern Great Plains Using Systems Dynamics, pg. 22 Benjamin L. Turner, South Dakota State University Risk Management Subsidies, Production System Switching Costs, and Native Grassland Conversion, pg. 25 Hongli Feng, Iowa State University Using Predictive Models to Understand the Changing Landscape of the Northern Great Plains and Potential Implications for Wildlife and Human Communities, pg. 26 Anne M. Schrag, Northern Great Plains Program, World Wildlife Fund Cropland Conversion and Sage-Grouse: Estimating Historical Impacts and Planning for the Future, pg. 27 Joseph Smith, University of Montana 4. Status, Trends, and Conservation of Grassland-Dependent Birds, pg. 30 Brood Abundance Relative to Habitat Characteristics in the Prairie Pothole Region, pg. 30 Kaylan Kemink, Ducks Unlimited Inc. Effects of Management on Grassland-Obligate Birds on Private and Public Lands, pg. 31 Dana Ripper, Missouri River Bird Observatory Conservation of a Grassland Species in a Converted Cropland Landscape: Private Landowner Involvement in Mountain Plover Conservation, pg. 31 Angela Dwyer, Rocky Mountain Bird Observatory Conservation of North America’s Grassland Birds in the Chihuahuan Desert, pg. 32 Arvind Panjabi, Rocky Mountain Bird Observatory Shifting Population Dynamics of the Grassland Bird Community at the Manitoba Tall Grass Prairie Preserve as a Result of Habitat Changes, pg. 32 Christie Borkowsky, Critical Wildlife Habitat Program, Manitoba Tall Grass Prairie Preserve How Should We Manage Grassland for Lesser Prairie-Chickens North of the Arkansas River in Kansas? pg.33 Matthew Bain, The Nature Conservancy Avian Density and Reproductive Success in Response to Grassland Management on Military Airfields, pg. 35 Nellie Tsipoura, New Jersey Audubon 5. Status, Trends, and Conservation of Grassland-Dependent Wildlife (Non-Birds), pg.38 Swift Fox Distribution and Population Connectivity in Eastern Montana, pg. 38 Jessica Alexander, St. Cloud State University, currently World Wildlife Fund Ants in the Grassland: Their Importance and Potential as Indicators of Ecosystem Health, pg. 41 Ann B. Mayo, University of Texas-Arlington Ecological Roles and Conservation Challenges of Prairie Dogs in North America’s Central Grasslands 42 Ana D. Davidson, Institute for Wildlife Studies and Stony Brook University Evolving Management Strategies for Shortgrass Prairie, Black-tailed Prairie Dogs, & Black-footed Ferrets: Adaptive Management in a Sea of Controversy, pg. 46 Rob Manes, The Nature Conservancy of Kansas Assessing the Health of Commercial Honey Bees (Apis mellifera) Across Varying Agricultural Landscapes, pg. 46 Matthew Smart, University of Minnesota Diminishing Forage – Diminishing Bees, pg. 47 Christi Heintz, Executive Director, Project Apis m. 6. Grasslands and Federal Policy, pg. 49 Utilizing the Environmental Quality Incentives Program to Transition Expired Conservation Reserve Program Lands into Working Grasslands, a Case Study from North Dakota, pg. 49 Randal Dell, Ducks Unlimited Residual CRP- A Long-Term Option to Keep CRP in Grass, pg. 50 Troy Schroeder, Kansas Wildlife Federation Sodsaver: Saving America’s Last Remaining Native Prairie, pg. 51 Eric Lindstrom, Ducks Unlimited, Inc. Fueling Conversion: How the EPA is Letting the RFS Drive Prairie Plowing and Forest Clearing, pg. 53 Ben Larson, National Wildlife Federation 7. Cattle Grazing, pg. 57 Managing Warm-Season Grasses for Pasture-Based Livestock Systems of the Northern Prairie Peninsula, pg. 57 Laura Paine, Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade, and Consumer Protection Enhancing Habitat for Ground Nesting Birds in Midwest Grasslands Through Soil Disturbance and Initiation of Plant Community Succession by High Density Grazing of Beef Cattle, pg. 58 J.J. Bisinger Iowa State University Demographic Responses of Grassland Songbirds to a Patch-Burn Grazing Management in the Flint Hills, pg.58 Amy N. Erickson, Kansas State University The Legacy of Grazing Persists Both Above- and Belowground in Tallgrass Prairie Plant Communities, pg. 59 Benjamin L. VanderWeide, Kansas State University Effects of Pasture Size on the Efficacy of Off-Stream Water or Restricted Stream Access to Alter the Spatial/Temporal Distribution of Grazing Cows, pg. 59 J.J. Bisinger and J.R. Russell, Iowa State University A New Paradigm for Grassland Management: Landscape Heterogeneity Management for Grassland Conservation and Livestock Production, pg. 60 Maggi Sliwinski, University of Nebraska- Lincoln 8. Bison Grazing, pg. 61 Bison (Bison bison) as a Force Promoting Climate Change Adaptation in Grasslands 61 K. Ellison, Wildlife Conservation Society, now with World Wildlife Fund, Bison (Bison bison) Mediated Seed Dispersal in a Tallgrass Prairie Reconstruction, pg. 64 Peter Eyheralde, Iowa State University Pyric Herbivory: Landscape-Level Distribution and Movement of Plains Bison (Bison bison) at Konza Prairie, pg. 64 Anthony Joern, Kansas State University Responses of a Grassland Spider Community to Disturbance From Fire and Bison Grazing, pg.65 Jesus E. Gomez, Kansas State University. Abundance and Spatial Distribution of Bison Wallows on a Tallgrass Prairie, pg. 66 Adam Skibbe, Kansas State University Foraging Behavior of Plains Bison in Tallgrass Prairie: An Investigation of Multiple Foraging Hypotheses, pg. 66 Edward Raynor, Kansas State University 9. Pocket Prairies, Volunteers, and Information Sharing, pg. 67 Prairie Management by a Non-Profit Organization: Obstacles and Solutions, pg. 67 Frank J. Norman, GHF Preserve Manager and Norman Ecological Consulting, LLC. Restoring Eden: Oak Savanna Restoration in South Central Iowa, pg. 68 Sibylla Brown, Timberhill Oak Savanna Moving Toward an Era of Management Decisions Based on Sound Science, pg. 69 Carol Blocksome, Great Plains Fire Science Exchange, Kansas State University The Micro-Prairie-Urban Farm Continuum: Sustainable Landscapes within the City Limits, pg. 70 Bruno Borsari, Winona State University Design Process and Reconstruction of a Prairie Garden at Winona State University: A Case Study, pg. 72 Bruno Borsari, Winona State University Prairie Restoration - Up Close and Personal - At a University Campus, pg. 74 W. Daniel Svedarsky, Center for Sustainability, U of Minnesota, Crookston 10. Renewable Energy’s Role in Fostering Grassland Conservation and Ecosystem Services Protection: The Case of Anaerobic Digestion, pg. 79 Expanding the Market for Grasslands Through Biogas-to-Energy Project Development, pg. 79 Amanda Bilek, Great Plains Institute Anaerobic Digestion of Grasses: System Performance and Environmental Impacts, pg. 80 Rebecca Larson, University of Wisconsin-Madison Harvest of Waterfowl Production Area Biomass as an Alternative Habitat Management Tool: is it Compatible With Management Goals and are There Opportunities for Additional Benefits? , pg. 82 Jim Lutes, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Leopold Wetland Management District Nature in Balance: Achieving Landscape Scale Prairie Conservation Through Value Innovation, pg.82 Rudi Roeslein, Roeslein Alternative Energy Bioeconomy Transitions: Cross-Sector Collaborative Development of a Perennial Grass Anaerobic Digester in Southern Wisconsin, pg. 83 Carol L. Williams, Wisconsin Energy Institute, University of Wisconsin, Madison 11. Bioenergy Development and Grasslands, pg. 86 Sustainable Planting and Harvest Guidelines for Non-Forest Perennial Biomass in the Prairie Pothole Region of the Northern Great Plains – Preliminary Findings, pg. 86 Bill D. McGuire, Bill McGuire Conservation, LLC Wisconsin’s Sustainable Planting and Harvest Guidelines for Nonforest Biomass: a Collaborative Effort to Encourage Greater Sustainability of Natural Resource Use and Development, pg. 89 Carol Williams, University of Wisconsin, Madison and Scott Hull, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Opportunities for Grasslands as Biofuel Feedstock, pg. 90 Paul Adler, USDA-ARS Switchgrass Solution: Enhancing Ecosystem Services and Carbon Sequestration through Low-Input High-Diversity Biofuels, pg. 92 Morgan A. Noland, Oklahoma State University Perennial Grass Miscanthus for Biomass Production and Phytoremediation of Slightly Contaminated Land, pg. 92 Larry Erickson, Kansas State University 12. Climate Change, Drought, and Hydrology, pg. 94 The Drought in the Southern Plains, pg. 94 Chuck Kowaleski, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Ecotypic Variation in Drought Tolerance and Genetic Diversity of the Ecologically Dominant Grass Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii) Across the Great Plains Precipitation Gradient: Implications for Climate Change and Restoration, pg. 96 Loretta Johnson, Kansas State University The Effects of Dust Bowl Magnitude Heat Waves and Drought on the Tallgrass Prairie Ecosystem, pg. 97 David Hoover, Colorado State University Influence of Grazing Treatments and Riparian Protection on Stream Geomorphology and Sediment Concentrations in the Flint Hills and Osage Plains, pg. 98 Bartosz Grudzinski, Kansas State University The Influence of Patch-Burn Grazing and Riparian Protection on Tallgrass Prairie Streams, pg. 99 Danelle Larson, Kansas State University The Effect of Precipitation Timing on Flowering in Tallgrass Prairie, pg. 102 John Dietrich, Colorado State University Effects of Extreme Drought on Photosynthesis and Water Potential of Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem) Ecotypes in Common Gardens Across Kansas, pg. 102 Keri Caudle, Fort Hays State University Modeling the Effects of Climate, Grazing, and Land-Cover on the Nebraska Sand Hills, pg. 103 Jeff Hartman, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Influence of Precipitation on Trichome Densities in Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii) Ecotypes in Great Plains Reciprocal Gardens, pg. 105 Keri Caudle, Fort Hays State University A Possible Mechanism for Increased Performance of a Xeric Adapted Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii) Ecotype: Nitrogen and Chlorophyll Content of Leaves in Reciprocal Gardens Across the Great Plains, pg. 106 Brian Maricle, Fort Hays State University 13. Native Grasslands and Invasion Issues, pg. 107 Spread of Yellow Old World Bluestem in Native Rangeland Pastures, pg. 107 Keith Harmoney, Kansas State University Agricultural Research Center Old World Bluestem Invasion and its Effects on the Small Mammal Communities of North Central Oklahoma, USA: An Ecological Game Changer, pg. 109 Mitchell Greer, Oklahoma State University Effects of the Seed Bank and Interseeding in Reconstructed Tallgrass Prairies, pg. 111 Stephen C. Rossiter, University of North Dakota Kentucky Bluegrass in the Northern Great Plains: A Turf Grass that has Invaded Our Rangelands, pg. 112 John Hendrickson, USDA-ARS Northern Great Plains Research Laboratory Native Warm Season Grasses Have a Place in Missouri Haying and Grazing Systems, pg. 112 Ryan Diener, Quail Forever and Chris McLeland and Jason Sykes, Missouri Department of Conservation Indicators that Tallgrass Prairie is Becoming Susceptible to Rapid Expansion by Native Shrubs, pg. 113 Zak Ratajczak, Kansas State University en_US

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