Tracking military maneuver training disturbance with low cost GPS devices

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Show simple item record Denker, Phillip Michael 2013-11-21T16:18:51Z 2013-11-21T16:18:51Z 2013-11-21
dc.description.abstract Military training lands are a vital resource for national security and provide crucial habitat for a number of threatened and endangered species. Military land managers must manage the land in accordance with federal environmental policy and regulation, while simultaneously providing the lands needed for training military forces. Off road maneuver training can cause significant environmental damage including removal of vegetation, compaction of soils, increased erosion, loss of habitat, and degradation of the landscape to a point of not being useful for continued military training. Various techniques have been developed to help the military land managers determine a sustainable training level for the landscape. Many of these techniques have limitations in the spatial resolution of data collected and the ability to provide timely and accurate assessments of training disturbance. Advancements in GPS and GIS technology over the past two decades have shown the potential to fill this knowledge gap. In this study low cost civilian off the shelf (COTS) GPS devices were accuracy tested to determine their capability to provide reliable and accurate military vehicle locations during training (1.93 m CEP, 4.625m 2dRMS). The GPS data collected from COTS devices on three battalion training exercises at Fort Riley, KS were processed in a GIS and statistically analyzed to compare and contrast several off road maneuver metrics (speed, turning radius, distance traveled) by vehicle type tracked, and by platoon in order to determine if units or vehicle types could reliably explain the variation in these metrics. Lastly, a method of mapping the relative environmental disturbance was developed and mapped for the same data sets. Wheel sinkage was used as a measure of disturbance, it was calculated at each GPS point based on vehicle type and soil conditions then mapped in using a fishnet grid for Fort Riley, Kansas. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship United States Army Corps of Engineers Construction Engineering Research Laboratory en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University en
dc.subject Global Positioning System en_US
dc.subject Maneuver en_US
dc.subject Military en_US
dc.subject Disturbance en_US
dc.subject Accuracy en_US
dc.title Tracking military maneuver training disturbance with low cost GPS devices en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Master of Science en_US
dc.description.level Masters en_US
dc.description.department Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering en_US
dc.description.advisor Stacy L. Hutchinson en_US
dc.subject.umi Engineering, Agricultural (0539) en_US
dc.subject.umi Environmental management (0474) en_US
dc.subject.umi Geographic Information Science and Geodesy (0370) en_US 2013 en_US December en_US

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