Lawn-watering perceptions and behaviors of residential homeowners in three Kansas (USA) cities: implications for water quantity and quality

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dc.contributor.author Bremer, Dale J.
dc.contributor.author Keeley, Steven J.
dc.contributor.author Jager, Abigail L.
dc.contributor.author Fry, Jack D.
dc.date.accessioned 2013-11-08T21:41:31Z
dc.date.available 2013-11-08T21:41:31Z
dc.date.issued 2013-11-08
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/16767
dc.description.abstract Urbanization is increasing the land area covered with turfgrasses, which may have implications for water quantity and quality. The largest sector of turfgrass is residential lawns. Our objectives were to survey residential homeowners in three Kansas cities about their perceptions, knowledge, and behaviors when irrigating their lawns; each city has distinctive water quantity and quality issues. Surveys were mailed to 15,500 homeowners in Wichita, 10,000 in Olathe, and 5,000 in Salina; the return rate was 11-13%. Wichita residents watered more frequently than Olathe and Salina, possibly because of greater evaporative demand than Olathe, and cheaper water and less concern about water shortages than Salina; Salina and Wichita have similar evaporative demands but Salina had a recent water crisis. Salina homeowners were most concerned about keeping their water bill from getting too high, probably because of higher water costs than the other cities. Overall, 45-60% indicated it was moderately to very important their lawns looked green all the time, while 65-77% ranked water conservation at the same level of importance. Significantly, 61-63% did not know how much water their lawns required and 71-77% did not know how much water they applied to their lawns when they irrigated. About 7-9% swept or blew clippings or lawn-care products directly into streets or storm drains, which run directly into local streams or reservoirs; 9% in Wichita is ~9,000 homeowners. The homeowner’s lawn irrigation knowledge and habits must be improved to help conserve water and protect water quality. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.uri http://www.turfsociety.com/ en_US
dc.rights Permission to archive granted by the International Turfgrass Society, October 18, 2013. en_US
dc.subject Turfgrass en_US
dc.subject Residential lawns en_US
dc.subject Lawn-watering en_US
dc.subject Water use en_US
dc.subject Water quality en_US
dc.subject Water quantity en_US
dc.title Lawn-watering perceptions and behaviors of residential homeowners in three Kansas (USA) cities: implications for water quantity and quality en_US
dc.type Article (publisher version) en_US
dc.date.published 2013 en_US
dc.citation.epage 29 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle International Turfgrass Society Research Journal en_US
dc.citation.spage 23 en_US
dc.citation.volume 12 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid bremer en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid skeeley en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid jager en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid jfry en_US


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