Islamophobia and threat perceptions: explaining anti Muslim sentiment in the West

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Show simple item record Ciftci, Sabri 2013-11-08T20:57:41Z 2013-11-08T20:57:41Z 2013-11-08
dc.description.abstract This paper investigates the determinants of anti Muslim sentiment in the West. Starting from the premise that Islamophobic attitudes are more nuanced than a simple dislike of Muslims, I focus on specific forms of attitudes which link Muslims to violence and terrorism. Data from the Pew Global Attitudes Surveys is used to test three theories: perceived threat, social identity, and cognitive capabilities. A series of logit estimations are used for the empirical analysis of individual level data in the United States, Great Britain, France, Germany and Spain. The results show that perceived realistic and symbolic threat is the most significant source of Islamophobic attitudes in the West. While individuals cognitively differentiate between general feelings toward Muslims and their specific characteristics, higher levels of education significantly reduces negative sentiments. A good number of Westerners think of Muslims as violent individuals while some believe that they support al Qaeda. Citizens in the West are more likely to associate Muslims with terrorism if they feel threatened by their physical and cultural existence. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.uri en_US
dc.rights This is an electronic version of an article published in Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 32(3), 293-309. Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs is available online at: en_US
dc.subject Islamophobia en_US
dc.subject Western Europe en_US
dc.subject United States en_US
dc.subject Perceived threat en_US
dc.subject Social identity en_US
dc.subject Cognitive capabilities en_US
dc.title Islamophobia and threat perceptions: explaining anti Muslim sentiment in the West en_US
dc.type Article (author version) en_US 2012 en_US
dc.citation.doi doi:10.1080/13602004.2012.727291 en_US
dc.citation.epage 309 en_US
dc.citation.issue 3 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs en_US
dc.citation.spage 293 en_US
dc.citation.volume 32 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid ciftci en_US

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