Sheep laterality

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dc.contributor.author Anderson, Dean M.
dc.contributor.author Murray, Leigh W.
dc.date.accessioned 2013-05-02T21:01:22Z
dc.date.available 2013-05-02T21:01:22Z
dc.date.issued 2013-05-02
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/15737
dc.description.abstract Turning preferences among 309 white-faced ewes were individually evaluated in an enclosed, artificially lighted, T-maze, followed by each ewe choosing either a right or left return alley to return to peers. Data recorded included time in the start box, time in the T-maze, exit arm chosen to leave the T-maze, and return alley. Right and left arms of the T-maze were chosen 65.7% and 34.3% of the time, respectively. In contrast, the right and left return alleys were chosen 32.4% and 67.6%, respectively. T-maze exit arm and return alley were not independently chosen (p < .0001), with observed counts being higher than expected under independence when ewes made the same choice for exit and alley (RR or LL turn patterns) and being lower than expected for alternating choices (RL or LR). Specifically, out of the 309 ewes, 28.2% and 30.1% chose RR and LL turn patterns, respectively, while 37.5% chose the RL turn pattern, but only 13 out of 309 (4.2%) ewes chose the LR turning pattern. A slightly different interpretation of these data is to consider the choice of return alley conditioned on the initial exit choice. Thus, of the 203 ewes choosing the right arm, 116 (57.1%) demonstrated an alternating RL turning preference in choosing the left alley, while 87 (42.9%) of those ewes returned to peers through the right alley (RR). Of the 106 ewes exiting through the left arm, 93 (87.7%) demonstrated a non-alternating (LL) turning laterality by returning to peers through the left alley. In contrast, only 12.3% of those 106 ewes demonstrated an alternating (LR) laterality. Therefore, overall, ewes that initially turned right when presented a second turning opportunity had a slight preference to alternate their turning direction, while ewes that initially turned left tended to continue turning left when given another chance to turn. Exit arm and return alley laterality was not related (α = .05) to time of day the test was administered, ewe’s age or genetics, most recent liveweight, or most recent shorn fleece weight. The mean time spent in the start box (21 s) was not related to exit arm (p = .9472) or return alley (p = .7790). Mean time (15 s) spent in the T-maze was not related to exit arm (p = .0861) or return alley (p = .9516). More research will be required to understand sheep turning laterality and how it can impact working facilities and research equipment. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.uri http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1357650X.2011.647919 en_US
dc.rights This is an electronic version of an article published in Laterality: Asymmetries of Body, Brain and Cognition, 18(2), 179-193. Laterality: Asymmetries of Body, Brain and Cognition is available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1357650X.2011.647919 en_US
dc.subject Behavioral lateralization en_US
dc.subject Handedness en_US
dc.subject T-maze en_US
dc.subject Livestock behavior en_US
dc.title Sheep laterality en_US
dc.type Article (author version) en_US
dc.date.published 2013 en_US
dc.citation.doi doi:10.1080/1357650X.2011.647919 en_US
dc.citation.epage 193 en_US
dc.citation.issue 2 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Laterality: Asymmetries of Body, Brain and Cognition en_US
dc.citation.spage 179 en_US
dc.citation.volume 18 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid lmurray en_US


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