Severe anemia caused by babesiosis in a maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus)

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Show simple item record Phair, Kristen A. Carpenter, James W. Smee, Nicole Myers, Carl B. Pohlman, Lisa M. 2013-04-19T16:06:15Z 2013-04-19T16:06:15Z 2013-04-19
dc.description.abstract An 8-yr-old, captive, spayed, female maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) developed progressive lethargy and weakness over a 24-hr period. Clinical signs included vomiting, recumbency, horizontal nystagmus, possible blindness, pale icteric mucus membranes, and port-wine colored urine. A complete blood cell count revealed severe anemia (packed cell volume [PCV], 6%) and intraerythrocytic piroplasms consistent with a Babesia species. Polymerase chain reaction testing later confirmed babesiosis. The wolf was treated with imidocarb dipropionate, antibiotics, and fluid therapy. A whole-blood transfusion from a sibling maned wolf also was performed. Despite aggressive treatment, the wolf failed to improve and was euthanized. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first documented case of babesiosis in a captive maned wolf in North America. Surveillance of infectious diseases in captive and wild maned wolf populations should be expanded to include screening for Babesia species. Tick control also should be implemented to prevent and decrease transmission of the disease to this endangered species. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.uri en_US
dc.rights Permission to archive granted by the Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, April 9, 2013. en_US
dc.subject Anemia en_US
dc.subject Babesia en_US
dc.subject Chrysocyon brachyurus en_US
dc.subject Maned wolf en_US
dc.title Severe anemia caused by babesiosis in a maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) en_US
dc.type Article (publisher version) en_US 2012 en_US
dc.citation.doi doi:10.1638/2010-0210.1 en_US
dc.citation.epage 167 en_US
dc.citation.issue 1 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine en_US
dc.citation.spage 162 en_US
dc.citation.volume 43 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid pohlman en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid carpentr en_US

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