Factors influencing survival of female elk in a harvested population

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dc.contributor.author Conard, Jonathan M.
dc.contributor.author Sandercock, Brett K.
dc.contributor.author Gipson, Philip S.
dc.contributor.author Ballard, Warren B.
dc.date.accessioned 2013-04-10T15:17:28Z
dc.date.available 2013-04-10T15:17:28Z
dc.date.issued 2013-04-10
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/15486
dc.description.abstract Understanding the influence of management actions and environmental conditions on demographic vital rates is important for effective conservation and management of wildlife populations. We used radio-telemetry to monitor annual and seasonal survival of 34 female elk Cervus elaphus at Fort Riley, Kansas in a 3.5-y field study (November 2003 to February 2007). We modeled the relationship between individual and environmental covariates and survival rates of female elk. We observed eight mortalities, and harvest was the primary cause of mortality in our study population. Annual survival rates of female elk in Kansas (0.76) were similar to other harvested populations of elk. Among the candidate model set, models that included age as a covariate were most supported. Parameter estimates from top models provided support for a slight negative relationship between age and survival. Monthly survival estimates during hunting season declined with age from 0.98 for 1.5-y-old females to 0.80 for 16.5-y-old females. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.uri http://www.fwspubs.org/doi/full/10.3996/082011-JFWM-050 en_US
dc.subject Cervus elaphus en_US
dc.subject Demography en_US
dc.subject Elk en_US
dc.subject Mortality en_US
dc.subject Survival en_US
dc.title Factors influencing survival of female elk in a harvested population en_US
dc.type Article (publisher version) en_US
dc.date.published 2012 en_US
dc.citation.doi doi:10.3996/082011-JFWM-050 en_US
dc.citation.epage 208 en_US
dc.citation.issue 2 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management en_US
dc.citation.spage 199 en_US
dc.citation.volume 3 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid bsanderc en_US

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