First report of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Kansas and Missouri, and a PCR method to distinguish Lutzomyia shannoni from Lutzomyia vexator

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dc.contributor.author Weng, Ju-Lin
dc.contributor.author Young, Samatha L.
dc.contributor.author Gordon, David M.
dc.contributor.author Claborn, David
dc.contributor.author Petersen, Christine
dc.contributor.author Ramalho-Ortigão, Marcelo
dc.date.accessioned 2012-12-12T18:53:10Z
dc.date.available 2012-12-12T18:53:10Z
dc.date.issued 2012-12-12
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/15177
dc.description.abstract Sand flies Lutzomyia (Psathyromyia) shannoni (Dyar) and Lu. (Helcocyrtomyia) vexator (Coquillet) were collected for the first time in southwest Missouri and southeast Kansas, expanding the known range of these species in North America. Altogether, 680 sand flies (356 males and 324 females) were collected during trapping from May through October 2011 and identified using morphological characters. Of the total sand flies collected, 315 were identified as Lu. shannoni, with 181 individuals (or 26.6% of all sand flies) trapped in Missouri and 134 individuals (or 19.7%) trapped in Kansas. Whereas 358 Lu. vexator were identified from southwest Missouri, only a single specimen was trapped in southeast Kansas. One male Lu. vexator with asymmetric gonostyli was trapped in Missouri. We also developed a polymerase chain reaction protocol to consistently and accurately distinguish Lu. shannoni from Lu. vexator based on presence or absence of a 416 bp fragment from the cytochrome oxidase c subunit 1 gene. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.uri http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/esa/jme/2012/00000049/00000006/art00033 en_US
dc.rights Permission to archive granted by the Entomologial Society of America, November 29, 2012. This article is the copyright property of the Entomological Society of America and may not be used for any commercial or other private purpose without specific written permission of the Entomological Society of America. en_US
dc.subject Sand fly en_US
dc.subject Lutzomyia shannoni en_US
dc.subject Lutzomyia vexator en_US
dc.title First report of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Kansas and Missouri, and a PCR method to distinguish Lutzomyia shannoni from Lutzomyia vexator en_US
dc.type Article (publisher version) en_US
dc.date.published 2012 en_US
dc.citation.doi doi:10.1603/ME12105 en_US
dc.citation.epage 1465 en_US
dc.citation.issue 6 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Journal of Medical Entomology en_US
dc.citation.spage 1460 en_US
dc.citation.volume 49 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid mortigao en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid jweng en_US


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