Effects of prepartum and postpartum bolus injections of trace minerals on performance of beef cows and calves grazing native range

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dc.contributor.author Mundell, L.R.
dc.contributor.author Stevenson, Jeffrey S.
dc.contributor.author Grieger, David M.
dc.contributor.author Pacheco, L.A.
dc.contributor.author Bolte, J.W.
dc.contributor.author Aubel, N.A.
dc.contributor.author Eckerle, G.J.
dc.contributor.author Macek, M.J.
dc.contributor.author Havenga, L.J.
dc.contributor.author Olson, K. C.
dc.contributor.author Jaeger, John R.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-04-03T16:40:20Z
dc.date.available 2012-04-03T16:40:20Z
dc.date.issued 2012-04-03
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/13567
dc.description.abstract Adequate dietary intakes of trace minerals are thought necessary to maximize cow reproduction, calf health, and calf performance. Diets grazed by beef cattle are generally deficient to marginal in copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), selenium (Se), and zinc (Zn) concentrations; therefore, these trace minerals are usually added to the diet in supplement form. The most widely used means of trace-mineral supplementation for grazing cattle is selffed, salt-based, loose mineral supplements. Although cattle do not balance their mineral needs when consuming a self-fed mineral supplement, usually no other practical way of supplying mineral needs exists under grazing conditions. The greatest limitation to using self-fed mineral supplements is variation in animal intake. More direct methods of mineral supplementation include adding minerals to drinking water or feed, oral drenching, ruminal boluses, and injection. Variation in mineral intake is reduced relative to self-fed supplementation, and the additional labor requirement and expense are relatively small. Delivery of supplemental trace minerals using an injectable solution may be a more reliable means of achieving adequate trace-mineral status than using self-fed, salt-based, loose mineral supplements. Bolus injections of trace minerals have been associated with improved average daily gain, feed efficiency, feed intake, or health status of beef calves fed in confinement; however, trace mineral delivery methods of this type have not been fully evaluated with respect to performance of beef cows and suckling calves. The objective of our study was to evaluate the effects of pre- and postpartum bolus injections of a trace mineral solution on beef cow reproductive performance, body weight change, and body condition score change, as well as performance of suckling calves. en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Cattlemen's Day, 2012 en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station contribution; no. 12-231-S en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Report of progress (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service); 1065 en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Beef Cattle Research, 2012 is known as Cattlemen's Day, 2012 en_US
dc.subject Beef en_US
dc.subject Bolus en_US
dc.subject Trace minerals en_US
dc.subject Performance en_US
dc.title Effects of prepartum and postpartum bolus injections of trace minerals on performance of beef cows and calves grazing native range en_US
dc.type Conference paper en_US
dc.date.published 2012 en_US
dc.citation.epage 66 en_US
dc.citation.spage 62 en_US
dc.description.conference Cattlemen's Day, 2012, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 2012 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid jrjaeger en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid jss en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid dgrieger en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid kcolson en_US

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