Reduction of heterocyclic amine formation in beef by surface application of spices

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dc.contributor.author Brensing, Tess
dc.date.accessioned 2011-11-28T18:02:57Z
dc.date.available 2011-11-28T18:02:57Z
dc.date.issued 2011-11-28
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/13120
dc.description.abstract Heterocyclic amines (HCAs) are cancer causing compounds formed during the cooking of meat. Previous studies show that incorporating antioxidant spices into meat as well as marinating meat with antioxidant spices reduces formation of HCAs. The purpose of this study was to determine if commercially available spices applied to the surface of meat could effectively reduce HCA formation. Two commercially available spice blends and one blend of spices with known quantities of antioxidant spices were sprinkled onto the surface of beef just prior to pan-frying. The quantities of spices used were based on the amounts customarily consumed in typical Western cooking. The results of direct application were then compared to marinating with the same types and amounts of spices. The antioxidant potential of the spices was analyzed using DPPH and total phenolics methods. Results indicated that the spices would be effective antioxidants. Low recovery rates and problems during the extraction process made results inconclusive, but suggest that further research may find that applying spices directly to the surface of meat in consumer acceptable quantities may be as effective as marinating at reducing the formation of HCAs. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University en
dc.subject Heterocyclic amine en_US
dc.subject Beef en_US
dc.subject Spices en_US
dc.subject Surface application en_US
dc.title Reduction of heterocyclic amine formation in beef by surface application of spices en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.degree Master of Science en_US
dc.description.level Masters en_US
dc.description.department Food Science Institute en_US
dc.description.advisor J. Scott Smith en_US
dc.subject.umi Food Science (0359) en_US
dc.date.published 2011 en_US
dc.date.graduationmonth December en_US


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