The effect of urea on the morphology of NaCl crystals: a combined theoretical and simulation study

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Show simple item record Smith, Paul E. 2011-08-29T14:21:34Z 2011-08-29T14:21:34Z 2011-08-29
dc.description.abstract It has been known for over a century that the presence of cosolvents such as urea and formamide can alter the morphology of NaCl crystals grown from solution. To help understand this effect we have been developing a theoretical approach based on the Kirkwood-Buff (KB) theory of solutions, and have combined this with computer simulations of the interation of urea with different crystal faces of NaCl. In this way one can predict the effect of urea on the thermodynamic stability of different NaCl faces, with atomic level detail provided by the simulations. We observe that urea is preferentially excluded from 100 and 111 crystal faces, but is less excluded from 111 faces which present chloride ions at the surface. The results indicate that the 111 face is stabilized in urea solutions and promotes the formation of octahedral over cubic NaCl crystals. The approach is totally general and can be applied to understand a variety of interfacial properties. Furthermore, we apply KB theory to study several other issues regarding the simulation of crystal growth. en_US
dc.relation.uri en_US
dc.rights Copyright © 2010, Elsevier. en_US
dc.subject Crystal morphology en_US
dc.subject KB theory en_US
dc.subject Urea en_US
dc.subject NaCl en_US
dc.subject Computer simulation en_US
dc.title The effect of urea on the morphology of NaCl crystals: a combined theoretical and simulation study en_US
dc.type Article (author version) en_US 2010 en_US
dc.citation.doi doi:10.1016/j.fluid.2009.08.006 en_US
dc.citation.epage 42 en_US
dc.citation.issue 1-2 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Fluid Phase Equilibria en_US
dc.citation.spage 36 en_US
dc.citation.volume 290 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid pesmith en_US

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