Food safety training needs assessment for independent ethnic restaurants: review of health inspection data in Kansas

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Show simple item record Kwon, Junehee Roberts, Kevin R. Shanklin, Carol W. Liu, Pei Yen, Wen S.F. 2011-03-10T20:43:05Z 2011-03-10T20:43:05Z 2011-03-10
dc.description.abstract Each year, commercial foodservice operations in the United States serve over 70 billion meals/snacks. The majority of foodborne disease outbreaks have been attributed to commercial foodservice establishments, and independent ethnic restaurants received poorer inspection scores than the non-ethnic or chain restaurants. These findings imply additional need for food safety training for ethnic restaurant employees. To identify specific food safety training needs, online health inspection reports of 500 randomly-selected independent restaurants in 14 Kansas counties were reviewed. Food code violations were recorded and categorized for further analysis. Numbers of critical and non-critical violations, inspections within 12 months, and violations within each category for ethnic and non-ethnic restaurants were compared, using independent t-tests. Ethnic restaurants had more critical (4.52 ± 2.97) and non-critical violations (2.84 ± 2.85) and more frequent inspections (2.29 ± 1.63) than non-ethnic restaurants (2.90 ± 2.83, 1.71±1.94, and 1.76 ± 1.11, respectively, P < 0.001). Significantly more (P < 0.05) violations were reported in ethnic restaurants for several categories: time and temperature control of PHFs, physical facility maintenance, protection from contamination, hand hygiene, proper use of utensils, demonstrated knowledge, and food temperature control for non-PHF. The data suggested that ethnic restaurant personnel need increased food safety training, especially for critical behaviors such as time and temperature control and hand washing. en_US
dc.publisher International Association for Food Protection en_US
dc.rights Reprinted with permission from Food Protection Trends. Copyright held by the International Association for Food Protection. en_US
dc.subject Food safety en_US
dc.subject Foodborne disease en_US
dc.subject Ethnic restaurants en_US
dc.subject Training en_US
dc.subject Inspection en_US
dc.subject Kansas en_US
dc.title Food safety training needs assessment for independent ethnic restaurants: review of health inspection data in Kansas en_US
dc.type Article (publisher version) en_US 2010 en_US
dc.citation.epage 421 en_US
dc.citation.issue 7 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Food Protection Trends en_US
dc.citation.spage 412 en_US
dc.citation.volume 30 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid jkwon en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid kevrob en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid shanklin en_US

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