An investigation of the effects of high molecular weight glutenin subunits on wheat tortilla quality

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Show simple item record Pierucci, Valquiria Resende Malaspina en 2008-05-13T15:14:22Z 2008-05-13T15:14:22Z 2008-05-13T15:14:22Z
dc.description.abstract The wheat tortilla is a chemically leavened circular light colored flat bread. Desirable characteristics for good quality tortilla include large diameter, softness, flexibility and long shelf stability. Important components influencing quality are wheat flour properties, which have not been optimized for tortilla industrial production thus far. The studies presented here investigated the effects of high molecular weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS) on tortilla quality. Two approaches were employed: biotypes derived from Centurk and OK102 cultivars expressing defined HMW-GS compositions and transgenic wheat lines over-expressing HMW-GS 10. Analysis of protein expression and protein extractability were conducted to characterize wheat flours and suitable assays carried out to determine the respective dough properties. Tortillas were prepared by the hot-press method and quality parameters were measured at days 0, 2, 4, 7 and 14. Tortillas derived from Centurk biotypes possessing HMW-GS 2*, 7+9, 2+12, 2*, 7+8, 5+10 and 2*, 7+9, 5+10 exhibited superior texture profiles over time, but smaller diameters than the biotype 2*, 7+8, 2+12. Tortillas containing HMW-GS 7+9 and 2+12 revealed a texture profile similar to tortillas containing 5+10. Tortillas from the OK biotype 2*, 7+9, 3+12 exhibited larger diameter and texture profiles equivalent to tortillas containing 5+10. Therefore, this biotype showed the best quality within this cultivar. Tortillas derived from transgenic flours over-expressing HMW-GS 10 exhibited an undesirable rough appearance with decreased diameter, greater thickness, lower rollability scores, lower stretchability and greater rupture force over time. Over-expression of HMW-GS 10 in a wheat line containing 1RS-translocation did not promote the same deleterious effects in tortilla quality as it did in transgenic lines without 1RS translocation. en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher Kansas State University en
dc.subject High molecular weight glutenin subunits en
dc.subject HMW-GS en
dc.subject Wheat tortilla quality en
dc.title An investigation of the effects of high molecular weight glutenin subunits on wheat tortilla quality en
dc.type Thesis en Master of Science en
dc.description.level Masters en
dc.description.department Food Science Institute, Agriculture en
dc.description.advisor Katherine A. Tilley en
dc.description.advisor Michael Tilley en
dc.subject.umi Agriculture, Food Science and Technology (0359) en 2008 en May en

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