Browsing Food Science Institute by Subject "Beef"

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Browsing Food Science Institute by Subject "Beef"

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  • Gipe, A.N.; Marston, T.T.; Higgins, James J.; Hutchinson, Stacy L.; Unruh, John A. (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, 2009)
    Steaks from cows are tougher than those from young steers and heifers. This difference is often attributed to the increased cross-linkage of collagen in muscle of mature animals that is considered very stable and more ...
  • Obuz, E.; Gok, V.; Akaya, L.; Dikeman, Michael E. (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, 2012)
    Tenderness is one of the most important factors affecting consumers’ perceptions and acceptance of palatability. Tenderness is affected by both myofibrillar proteins and connective tissue content and quality. Both marbling ...
  • Hutchinson, Stacy L.; Marston, T.T.; Hunt, Melvin C.; Unruh, John A. (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, 2007)
    Approximately 16% of the 31 million head of cattle harvested in the United States in 2005 were aged cows. Cow meat is known to be tougher than meat from young steers and heifers, and it typically has a less desirable, ...
  • Hutchinson, Stacy L.; Hunt, Melvin C.; Marston, T.T.; Unruh, John A. (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, 2007)
    Enhancement of steer and heifer meat has become a common practice, especially for some large retailers in the United States, because it increases the weight of salable product and decreases variability in tenderness and ...
  • Hijaz, F.; Smith, J. Scott; Kastner, Curtis L. (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, 2007)
    Anhydrous ammonia is used as a refrigerant in large warehouses for cooling meats, fruits, vegetables, milk, and other products. Ammonia offers several advantages over other refrigerants; it does not harm the ozone layer ...
  • Truax, A.; Sporing, S.; Rueger, S.A.; Schafer, M.; Bohra, L.K.; Harris, L.; Phebus, Randall K.; Retzlaff, Deanna D. (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, 1999)
    The original commercial Steam Pasteurization ™ System (SPS 400) involved a sealable moving car by which carcass sides were carried through the steam chamber at standard line speeds. A second generation “static ...
  • Ceylan, E.; Marsden, James L. (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, 2003)
    We studied the antimicrobial efficacy of buffered sodium citrate and a combination of buffered sodium citrate and sodium diacetate on natural aerobic microflora of ground beef stored at 39°F. For non-treated control ...
  • Coger, R.R.; Franken, L.J.; Herald, T.; Phebus, Randall K.; Marsden, James L. (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, 2005)
    Beef carcasses and fresh fabricated beef products potentially can be contaminated with disease causing microorganisms (pathogens) via animal dressing procedures and contamination from the plant environment or workers. ...
  • Mayer, A.L.; Gunderson, J.A.; Lobaton-Sulabo, A.S.; Boyle, Elizabeth A. E.; Houser, Terry A.; Higgins, James J. (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, 2008)
    The Centers for Disease Control and Pre- vention estimate that 2,500 people become infected with listerosis each year by consuming food containing Listeria monocytogenes. Certain ready-to-eat meat and poultry products, ...
  • Estrada-Munoz, R.; Boyle, Elizabeth A. E.; Marsden, James L. (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, 1997)
    Liquid smoke (LS) effectiveness in controlling lipid oxidation and warmed-over flavor (WOF) in beef was investigated. Aroma scores, "α-thiobarbituri c acid (TBA) numbers, and pH values were lower (P<.05) in LS-treated beef ...
  • Ameri, F.; Smith, J. Scott (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, 2007)
    Heterocyclic amines (HCAs) are carcinogenic and mutagenic compounds found at a level of parts per billion in grilled fish and meats. Since the connection between consumption of dietary carcinogens and risk of different ...
  • Shivas, S.D.; Kropf, Donald H.; Hunt, Melvin C.; Kendell, J.L.A.; Dayton, A.D.; Kastner, Curtis L. (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station, 1983)
    Adding .05 and .10% ascorbic acid to ground beef resulted in brighter color and longer display life, more intense taste panel beef flavor and less rancidity. Those advantages should encourage centralized retail cutting and ...
  • Cunningham, F.; Hunt, Melvin C.; Kastner, Curtis L.; Kropf, Donald H.; Larson, B.; Schafer, D.; Simms, D.; Smith, S.; Vanier, M.; Fung, Daniel Y. C. (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, 1991)
    Beef and beef products are significant parts of a balanced diet in the U.S. and major parts of the Kansas economy. Therefore, these products must be carefully processed, handled, and monitored for microbial quality to ...
  • Kenney, P.B.; Kropf, Donald H.; Kastner, Curtis L. (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, 1991)
    Connective tissue, from the outside of three major chuck muscles, was evaluated for binding properties when incorporated either raw or following preheating into precooked, restructured beef. Food-grade gelatin was ...
  • Kenney, P.B.; Kropf, Donald H.; Kastner, Curtis L. (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, 1991)
    Five percent fish surimi, unwashed or washed ground beef, and washed or unwashed beef hearts were evaluated in precooked, chunked and formed, restructured beef roasts to determine if they would increase bind in ...
  • Hutchinson, Stacy L.; Daniel, M.J.; Higgins, James J.; Unruh, John A.; Hunt, Melvin C. (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, 2008)
    Cow meat is tougher than meat from young steers and heifers and typically has a less desirable, darker color. It is generally assumed that cow meat will need to be ground or have some form of post-mortem tenderization ...
  • Carmack, C.F.; Hunt, Melvin C.; Kropf, Donald H.; Schwenke, J.R.; Kastner, Curtis L. (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, 1993)
    Natural flavorings were evaluated for use in low-fat ground beef, which frequently lacks flavor intensity. Three lean sources, A-maturity (young), E-maturity (mature cow), and imported (cow) beef round muscles, were used ...
  • Allen, Dell M.; Hunt, Melvin C.; Kropf, Donald H.; Gutowski, G.; Harrison, A.; Smith, M.E.; Kastner, Curtis L. (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station, 1977)
    Thirty-eight crossbred steers of known background were randomly assigned to four feeding regimes. All initially were fed on a brome and bluestem pasture supplemented during winter with alfalfa and protein. Ten grass-fed ...
  • King, D.A.; Dikeman, Michael E.; Wheeler, T.L.; Kastner, Curtis L.; Koohmaraie, M. (American Society of Animal Science, 2003)
    Our objectives were to examine the effects of prerigor excision and rapid chilling vs. conventional carcass chilling of two muscles on proteolysis and tenderness during the postmortem storage, as well as the effects ...
  • Kropf, Donald H.; Hunt, Melvin C.; Piske, D. (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, 1987)
    We conducted two studies in response to a severe problem with ground beef color encountered by beef fabricators and retailers. We concluded that: (1) Loss of muscle chemical-reducing capability upon grinding, with subsequent ...