Heat transfer characteristics of R-134a in a converging-Diverging nozzle

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dc.contributor.author Mann, Garrett W.
dc.contributor.author Madamadakala, Ganapathi Reddy
dc.contributor.author Eckels, Steven J.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-12-10T17:48:05Z
dc.date.available 2018-12-10T17:48:05Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/39384
dc.description Citation: Mann, G. W., Madamadakala, G. R., & Eckels, S. J. (2016). Heat transfer characteristics of R-134a in a converging-Diverging nozzle. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 62, 464–473. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2016.08.012
dc.description.abstract Heat transfer characteristics of cavitating flows in the diverging section of a converging-diverging nozzle, with R-134a as the working fluid were investigated for mass fluxes from 11.3–52.3 kg m−2 s−1 and heat fluxes from 52.6–693 kW m−2. Eleven different nozzle configurations were examined with different divergence angles, throat diameters, inlet profiles, and lengths. Heat flux measurement assumptions were analyzed using numerical conduction simulations with ANSYS Fluent. Experimental results indicated two different heat transfer regimes at high Reynolds number—one high and one low—likely due to wall dryout. A temperature drop with a strong correlation to Reynolds number as well as inlet profile was recorded due to the cavitation-induced phase change. Additionally, data showed two-phase heat transfer coefficients from 3.7 to as high as 285kW m−2 K−1. Chen’s correlation compared well with the recorded heat transfer coefficients for low Reynolds numbers. Variation of heat transfer coefficients with different geometry parameters were given, and potential sonic effects were discussed. With such high heat transfer coefficients, cavitation enhanced heat transfer in converging-diverging nozzles could be of significant use in electronics cooling applications.
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2016.08.012
dc.rights This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).
dc.rights.uri http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.rights.uri https://www.elsevier.com/about/policies/sharing
dc.subject Two-phase flow
dc.subject Critical flow
dc.subject Heat transfer enhancement
dc.subject Cavitation
dc.subject Sonic flow
dc.subject Converging-diverging nozzle
dc.title Heat transfer characteristics of R-134a in a converging-Diverging nozzle
dc.type Text
dc.date.published 2016
dc.citation.doi 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2016.08.012
dc.citation.epage 473
dc.citation.issn 0142-727X
dc.citation.issue Part B
dc.citation.jtitle International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
dc.citation.spage 464
dc.citation.volume 62
dc.citation Mann, G. W., Madamadakala, G. R., & Eckels, S. J. (2016). Heat transfer characteristics of R-134a in a converging-Diverging nozzle. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 62, 464–473. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2016.08.012
dc.description.version Article: Submitted Manuscript


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This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s). Except where otherwise noted, the use of this item is bound by the following: This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).

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