Genome-Wide Association Studies of Grain Yield Components in Diverse Sorghum Germplasm

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dc.contributor.author Boyles, R. E.
dc.contributor.author Cooper, E. A.
dc.contributor.author Myers, M. T.
dc.contributor.author Brenton, Z.
dc.contributor.author Rauh, B. L.
dc.contributor.author Morris, Geoffrey P.
dc.contributor.author Kresovich, S.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-02-14T22:44:14Z
dc.date.available 2017-02-14T22:44:14Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/35102
dc.description Citation: Boyles, R. E., Cooper, E. A., Myers, M. T., Brenton, Z., Rauh, B. L., Morris, G. P., & Kresovich, S. (2016). Genome-Wide Association Studies of Grain Yield Components in Diverse Sorghum Germplasm. Plant Genome, 9(2), 17. doi:10.3835/plantgenome2015.09.0091
dc.description.abstract Grain yield and its primary determinants, grain number and weight, are important traits in cereal crops that have been well studied; however, the genetic basis of and interactions between these traits remain poorly understood. Characterization of grain yield per primary panicle (YPP), grain number per primary panicle (GNP), and 1000-grain weight (TGW) in sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench], a hardy C-4 cereal with a genome size of similar to 730 Mb, was implemented in a diversity panel containing 390 accessions. These accessions were genotyped to obtain 268,830 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) were performed to identify loci associated with each grain yield component and understand the genetic interactions between these traits. Genome-wide association studies identified associations across the genome with YPP, GNP, and TGW that were located within previously mapped sorghum QTL for panicle weight, grain yield, and seed size, respectively. There were no significant associations between GNP and TGW that were within 100 kb, much greater than the average linkage disequilibrium (LD) in sorghum. The identification of nonoverlapping loci for grain number and weight suggests these traits may be manipulated independently to increase the grain yield of sorghum. Following GWAS, genomic regions surrounding each associated SNP were mined for candidate genes. Previously published expression data indicated several TGW candidate genes, including an ethylene receptor homolog, were primarily expressed within developing seed tissues to support GWAS. Furthermore, maize (Zea mays L.) homologs of identified TGW candidates were differentially expressed within the seed between small- and large-kernel lines from a segregating maize population.
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.3835/plantgenome2015.09.0091
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subject Bicolor L. Moench
dc.subject Quantitative Trait Loci
dc.subject Sugar-Related Traits
dc.subject Seed
dc.subject Size
dc.subject Stay-Green
dc.title Genome-Wide Association Studies of Grain Yield Components in Diverse Sorghum Germplasm
dc.type Article
dc.date.published 2016
dc.citation.doi 10.3835/plantgenome2015.09.0091
dc.citation.issn 1940-3372
dc.citation.issue 2
dc.citation.jtitle Plant Genome
dc.citation.spage 17
dc.citation.volume 9
dc.contributor.authoreid gpmorris
dc.contributor.kstate Morris, Geoffrey P.


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