Cattle handling technique can induce fatigued cattle syndrome in cattle not fed a beta adrenergic agonist

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dc.contributor.author Frese, D. A.
dc.contributor.author Reinhardt, Christopher D.
dc.contributor.author Bartle, Steven J.
dc.contributor.author Rethorst, David
dc.contributor.author Hutcheson, J. P.
dc.contributor.author Nichols, W. T.
dc.contributor.author Depenbusch, B. E.
dc.contributor.author Corrigan, M. E.
dc.contributor.author Thomson, Daniel U.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-20T17:40:47Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-20T17:40:47Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/34121
dc.description Citation: Frese, D. A., Reinhardt, C. D., Bartle, S. J., Rethorst, D. N., Hutcheson, J. P., Nichols, W. T., . . . Thomson, D. U. (2016). Cattle handling technique can induce fatigued cattle syndrome in cattle not fed a beta adrenergic agonist. Journal of Animal Science, 94(2), 581-591. doi:10.2527/jas2015-9824
dc.description.abstract Angus crossbred steers (n = 40; 563 +/- 44 kg) were used to examine the effects of handling method and fat thickness on the blood chemistry and physiology of market steers. Steers were blocked by backfat (BF) thickness and were randomly assigned to treatment groups: low-stress handling (LSH) and aggressive handling (AH). Cattle were then ran-domly assigned to one of 5 blocks containing 4 steers from the LSH and AH treatments. Steers in the LSH treatment were walked and AH cattle were run through a course of 1,540 m. Blood samples were obtained via jugular venipuncture before handling (BASE), at 770 m (LAP1), at 1,540 m (LAP2), and at1 h (1H) and 2 h (2H) after finishing the course. Blood samples were analyzed for plasma lactate (LAC), creatinine kinase (CK), base excess (BE), blood pH (pH), serum cortisol (CORT) concentrations, and venous carbon dioxide (PvCO2) and oxygen (PvO2) pressures. Heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), and rectal temperature (TEMP) were measured at the same intervals. Cattle in the AH treatment had greater (P < 0.05) LAC than those in LSH at BASE (4.1 vs. 3.0 mmol/L), LAP1 (16.5 vs. 2.3 mmol/L), LAP2 (22.3 vs. 2.4 mmol/L), 1H (7.2 vs. 2.7 mmol/L), and 2H (4.0 vs. 2.5 mmol/L), respectively. Creatinine kinase and RR were not different (P > 0.14). Blood pH in AH cattle was decreased compared with that in LSH cattle (P < 0.05) at LAP1 (7.25 vs. 7.45) and LAP2 (7.19 vs. 7.48) but was not different (P > 0.13) at BASE, 1H, or 2H. Heart rate and TEMP were increased in AH cattle compared to LSH (P > 0.01). Serum cortisol was increased (P < 0.05) in AH compared to that in LSH cattle at LAP1 (87.5 vs. 58.9 nmol/ L), LAP2 (144.4 vs. 93.1 nmol/ L), and 1H (113.5 vs. 53.1 nmol/ L). Although RR was not differ-ent between LSH and AH, PvCO2 was decreased in AH compared to that in LSH (P < 0.05) at LAP2 (30.6 vs. 39.3 mmHg) and PvO2 was increased at LAP1 (42.7 vs. 33.5 mmHg) and at LAP2 (51.5 vs. 36.6 mmHg). Lactate was increased in AH cattle in the thicker BF group at 1H (P < 0.05), and blood pH was decreased at LAP1, LAP2, and 1H (P < 0.05) compared to the thinner BF cohorts. Four AH steers became exhausted (EXH) and did not complete the course. Increased CK, decreased PvCO2, and muscle tremors occurred in EXH steers compared to non-exhausted AH cohorts. Results of this study show that AH causes physiologic and blood chemistry changes in steers, which can be potentially detrimental to cattle, emphasizing the need for lowstress handling practices.
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2015-9824
dc.rights Copyright © 2016. American Society of Animal Science.
dc.rights.uri http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0021-8812/
dc.subject Cattle
dc.subject Exercise
dc.subject Fatigue
dc.subject Lactate
dc.subject Locomotion
dc.subject Trout Oncorhynchus-Mykiss
dc.title Cattle handling technique can induce fatigued cattle syndrome in cattle not fed a beta adrenergic agonist
dc.type Article
dc.date.published 2016
dc.citation.doi 10.2527/jas2015-9824
dc.citation.epage 591
dc.citation.issn 0021-8812
dc.citation.issue 2
dc.citation.jtitle Journal of Animal Science
dc.citation.spage 581
dc.citation.volume 94
dc.description.embargo 2017-02
dc.contributor.authoreid cdr3
dc.contributor.authoreid sjbartle
dc.contributor.authoreid drethorst
dc.contributor.authoreid thomson


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