Agriculture programs impacting food security in two HIV/AIDS-affected Kenyan and Zambian communities

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dc.contributor.author Stull, Valerie Jo
dc.date.accessioned 2009-12-17T14:46:13Z
dc.date.available 2009-12-17T14:46:13Z
dc.date.issued 2009-12-17T14:46:13Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/2306
dc.description.abstract HIV/AIDS is one of the most devastating health concerns of the developing world, especially in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). To address individual food insecurity and malnutrition, numerous small-scale nutrition and agriculture interventions have been implemented. This study compared the CTC Community Garden Project in Maai Mahiu, Kenya (n=15) and the HelpMercy Nutrition and Food Security Project (seed distribution) in Macha, Zambia (n=64), after one year. Study objectives included assessing food security in Maai Mahiu, determining beneficiaries' perceived usefulness of the interventions, comparing and evaluating the interventions, determining the importance of education in the interventions, and making recommendations for improvement. A survey in Maai Mahiu used a modified FAST tool to determine food security for beneficiaries (n=15) and non-participants (n=50). The majority of respondents were determined food insecure (without hunger), indicating a need for improved access to food/land. To determine outcomes and make comparisons, intervention outcome and beneficiary 'perceived usefulness' were measured using two verbally administered surveys, two focus groups, and two interviews with translation. Qualitative and quantitative results demonstrated differences between beneficiary perceptions of the interventions. No association was observed between perceived usefulness of the two studies (χ2). A backward elimination logistic regression model of the HelpMercy intervention showed that attendance at community-based nutrition and agriculture education sessions (CBES), household size, and number of seed types planted were predictors of perceived usefulness. Households who attended at least one CBES were more likely to perceive the intervention as useful (χ2 for trend, p=0.007), and there was a linear relationship between number of CBES attended and perceived usefulness (Mann-Whitney, p=0.008). Results may support research that agriculture interventions are more effective when combined with nutrition education. Perceived barriers and benefits differed significantly between the two programs. 60.3% of HelpMercy beneficiaries and 40.0% of CTC beneficiaries perceived the interventions as useful. Program improvements are possible, and further research is needed to better understand the impact and potential benefits of small-scale nutrition and agriculture interventions for HIV-affected populations in SSA. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University en
dc.subject HIV/AIDS en_US
dc.subject Food Security en_US
dc.subject Zambia en_US
dc.subject Kenya en_US
dc.subject Perceived Usefulness en_US
dc.subject Monitoring and Evaluation en_US
dc.title Agriculture programs impacting food security in two HIV/AIDS-affected Kenyan and Zambian communities en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.degree Master of Public Health en_US
dc.description.level Masters en_US
dc.description.department Department of Human Nutrition en_US
dc.description.advisor Sandra B. Procter en_US
dc.subject.umi Agriculture, General (0473) en_US
dc.subject.umi Health Sciences, Nutrition (0570) en_US
dc.date.published 2009 en_US
dc.date.graduationmonth December en_US

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