Effects of γ-butyrobetaine and l-carnitine on carnitine concentrations in various muscle tissues of finishing pigs

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dc.contributor.author Benz, J.M.
dc.contributor.author Nelssen, Jim L.
dc.contributor.author Tokach, Michael D.
dc.contributor.author Goodband, Robert D.
dc.contributor.author DeRouchey, Joel M.
dc.contributor.author Dritz, Steven S.
dc.date.accessioned 2009-10-20T13:43:54Z
dc.date.available 2009-10-20T13:43:54Z
dc.date.issued 2009-10-20T13:43:54Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/1858
dc.description.abstract The primary method of L-carnitine production, similar to the biological process that occurs in the liver and kidneys, is from microbial fermentation of γ-Butyrobetaine. Therefore, the objective of this study was to see if supplementing the diet with γ-Butyrobetaine would increase organ and muscle tissue carnitine concentrations. One-hundred-twenty-five barrows were fed diets containing either L-carnitine (100 ppm), γ-Butyrobetaine (100 ppm) or a combination of L-carnitine (50 ppm) and γ-Butyrobetaine (50 ppm). The addition of L-carnitine, γ-Butyrobetaine and the combination of L-carnitine and γ-Butyrobetaine increased (P<0.01) free carnitine concentration in the longissimus, diaphragm, and heart. L-carnitine and the combination of L-carnitine and γ-Butyrobetaine increased (P<0.01) free carnitine concentration in the kidney. Therefore, these results suggest that γ-Butyrobetaine and/or L-carnitine can be used to increase carnitine concentrations of organ and muscle tissues. en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station contribution; no. 08-121-S en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Swine day, 2007 en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Report of progress (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service); 985 en_US
dc.subject Swine en_US
dc.subject Vitamins en_US
dc.subject L-carnitine en_US
dc.subject γ-Butyrobetaine en_US
dc.title Effects of γ-butyrobetaine and l-carnitine on carnitine concentrations in various muscle tissues of finishing pigs en_US
dc.type Conference paper en_US
dc.date.published 2007 en_US
dc.citation.epage 189 en_US
dc.citation.spage 187 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid jnelssen en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid mtokach en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid goodband en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid jderouch en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid dritz en_US

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