Effects of feeder design on growth performance and carcass characteristics of finishing pigs

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dc.contributor.author Bergstrom, J.R.
dc.contributor.author Tokach, Michael D.
dc.contributor.author Nelssen, Jim L.
dc.contributor.author DeRouchey, Joel M.
dc.contributor.author Goodband, Robert D.
dc.contributor.author Dritz, Steven S.
dc.date.accessioned 2009-10-06T20:24:26Z
dc.date.available 2009-10-06T20:24:26Z
dc.date.issued 2009-10-06T20:24:26Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/1788
dc.description.abstract Two experiments were conducted to compare the effects of feeder design (conventional dry vs. wet-dry feeder) on finishing pig performance. In Exp. 1, 1,186 pigs (PIC 337 × 1050) were used in a 69-d experiment. Pigs were weighed (avg. 70.8 lb) and allotted to 1 of 2 feeder types in a completely randomized design. There were 22 pens per feeder type with 26 to 28 pigs per pen. All pigs were fed the same dietary sequence in 4 phases (d 0 to 10, 10 to 28, 28 to 50, and 50 to 69). Overall (d 0 to 69), pigs using the wet-dry feeder had greater (P < 0.001) ADG, ADFI, and final weight compared with pigs using the conventional dry feeder. In Exp. 2, 1,236 pigs (PIC 337 × 1050) were used in a 104-d experiment. Pigs were weighed (avg. 63.2 lb) and allotted to 1 of the 2 feeder types in a completely randomized design. There were 23 pens per feeder type with 25 to 28 pigs per pen. All pigs were fed the same feed budget (diet 1 = 59 lb/pig, diet 2 = 88 lb/pig, diet 3 = 121 lb/pig, and diet 4 = 130 lb/pig). On d 84, the 3 largest pigs per pen were marketed. Afterward, all remaining pigs were fed a fifth dietary phase containing Paylean until d 104. Carcass measurements were obtained after pigs were transported to a commercial abattoir on d 104. Overall (d 0 to 104), pigs using the wet-dry feeder had greater (P < 0.001) ADG, ADFI, and final weight compared with those using the conventional dry feeder. However, pigs using the wet-dry feeder had poorer F/G and increased feed cost per pig (P < 0.002) than pigs using the conventional dry feeder. Carcass yield, fat free lean index, premium per pig, and live value/cwt were increased, whereas average back fat depth was decreased (P < 0.03) for pigs using the conventional dry feeder compared with pigs using the wet-dry feeder. The combination of these effects resulted in a numerically lower net income per pig for pigs fed with the wet-dry feeder. These experiments demonstrate that growth performance of finishing pigs was improved with a wet-dry feeder compared with a conventional dry feeder. However, because carcasses of pigs fed with a wet-dry feeder yielded less and were fatter, more research is required to understand the dynamics among feeder design, feed intake, and economic return. en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Swine day, 2008 en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station contribution; no. 09-074-S en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Report of progress (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service); 1001 en_US
dc.subject Feeders en_US
dc.subject Pig en_US
dc.title Effects of feeder design on growth performance and carcass characteristics of finishing pigs en_US
dc.type Conference paper en_US
dc.date.published 2008 en_US
dc.citation.epage 203 en_US
dc.citation.spage 196 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid mtokach en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid dritz en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid jnelssen en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid jderouch en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid goodband en_US

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