The effects of fertility on female labor supply

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Show simple item record Nguyen Thi Hong, Thoan 2009-05-18T14:30:14Z 2009-05-18T14:30:14Z 2009-05-18T14:30:14Z
dc.description.abstract This report reviews the effects of fertility on female labor supply, primarily female labor force participation and work hours. Although estimates of the causal relationship between fertility and female labor supply are mixed, this report tries to review why and by how much an additional child in a family affects work decisions and work hours of mothers on average. Statistical analysis shows a decreasing trend in fertility and an increasing trend in female labor force participation throughout the world over the last four decades. Using different specifications and estimation techniques, empirical studies suggest that fertility has negative effects on maternal labor supply because childbearing falls on women and women have lower wage rates than men on average. The negative relationship between fertility and female labor supply is explained by social, economic, and technical forces that affect fertility and female labor supply, including an increase in the value of women’s time due to an increase in education levels of women, expensive childcare, and substitutes for children; emphasis on quality instead of quantity of children; an increase in employment opportunities for women; changes in social norms towards supporting women working outside their home; and technical progress in birth control. en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher Kansas State University en
dc.subject Fertility en
dc.subject Female labor supply en
dc.title The effects of fertility on female labor supply en
dc.type Report en Master of Arts en
dc.description.level Masters en
dc.description.department Department of Economics en
dc.description.advisor James F. Ragan Jr en
dc.subject.umi Economics, General (0501) en 2009 en May en

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